The state of Texas is situated in the South Central United States just north of the Mexican border. "Texas" comes from a Caddo word meaning "allies" or "friends." Towards the west lies New Mexico, towards the east lies Oklahoma, to the north lies the state of Arkansas and towards the east, Louisiana. The population of the state of Texas is 25.1 million. The total land area of Texas State is 268,820 square miles, making it the biggest state in the contiguous US. Houston is the biggest city within Texas, and San Antonio City is the second largest.
The state of Texas is known as the Lone Star State. The nickname is a reminder of the state's historic struggle for freedom as an independent republic. The Texas State Flag and the Texas State Seal still bear the "Lone Star".
Texas State has a quite diverse landscape over its huge land area, with coastal swamps, piney woods, flat plains and rugged hills which extend from the mountainous and desert terrain of the Big Bend. Most residents reside in the cities constructed upon former grasslands, forests and coastline. Texas State has grown so quickly that symptoms of rapid development, like for example urban sprawl, are afflicting its cities.
The economy of Texas is likewise diverse, though the majority of the states economy is driven by the petroleum trade because of the large presence of oil. Haliburton, Exxon-Mobil, Valero, Marathon Oil and different key petroleum businesses are based in Texas State. Texas State has known petroleum deposits of approximately 5 billion barrels (25% of the nation's known reserves). Around 4.6 million barrels of oil every day can be processed by the state's refineries. Houston's Baytown Refinery is the largest within the United States Texas likewise produces 25% of the natural gas supply of the nation.
The state of Texas has more land in farm acreage than whichever other state within the country. The state is the leader in livestock production, like for instance sheep, goat and cattle. Cattle is the most valuable farm product of the state. Cotton production also defines the state of Texas. Additionally, produce and cereal crops are grown here. The business of commercial fishing is quite strong. Texas has lots of mineral resources and related industries produce cement, crushed stone, lime, salt, sand and gravel.
There are numerous high-tech companies within Texas, with many being situated within the Austin area (called "Silicon Hills") and the north Dallas area ("Silicon Prairie"). Additionally, there are various high technology businesses located within Texas State: Texas Instruments, Dell, Inc., AT&T, Perot Systems and Hewlett-Packard's biggest campus.
Texas is a leader in alternative energy sources, like wind power. The biggest wind farm within the globe is in Roscoe, Texas. Texas has the potential to become the largest producer of solar power within the United States. The state's agriculture and forestry trades have huge potential for the production of biomass for biofuels.
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